Palenque is an ancient Maya city located at the base of the northern mountain range in the state of Chiapas, México. Perched like a jewel on a natural plateau 200 meters above the flat tropical savanna, Palenque is afforded a spectacular view of the lowlands. The temples of Palenque, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, are considered by many to be the most beautiful examples of the ancient Maya world. Many of these structures house original art in the form of sculpted stone and stucco panels, as well as painted murals. Palenque has one the longest hieroglyphic text inscriptions of the ancient Maya. Dozens of springs emerge out of the mountainside and their combined waterways are channeled through the site by way of extraordinary canals and aqueducts. These waterways empty over the plateau in a myriad of intricate and spectacular waterfalls, lending the site its ancient name: Lakam Ha', meaning “The Place of the Great Waters.” Rich natural resources allowed this site a long occupation, from the 200 to 900 CE. Using the decipherment from the well-preserved texts of Palenque, a detailed understanding of a long dynasty of rulers, both male and female, emerges. The Palenque kings and queens raised the artistic and architectural expressions of the Maya to new heights. Of these wonders, the tomb of the great king K'inich Ja'nab Pakal "Resplendent Flower Shield," stands as the crown jewel of Maya art.